Below ive outlined the myths behind a couple of the constellations. It is bordered by the constellations of cassiopeia, andromeda, triangulum, aries, taurus, auriga and camelopardalis. As an amateur astronomer, i do science outreach to the public. Homer, odyssey, book 19, line 1 perseus digital library. These cards show 52 of the modern 88 constellations as designated by the international astronomical union.
Constellation perseus astrology perseus constellation gives an intelligent, strong, bold. It is the 24th biggest constellation in the night sky, and its brightest star, mirfak. Traditionally, the star algol is the most malevolent star of the heavens. Hercules is one of the 48 constellations listed by the greek astronomer ptolemy in the second century. Ngc 869 is considered to be as much as 19 million years old and this. It is prominent from dark sites, having 16 stars of fourth magnitude or brighter. Homer, odyssey, book 19, line 148 perseus digital library. Perseus book group jul 19, 20 founded in 1996 by venture capitalist frank pearl, the perseus book group is. Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky, being named after the greek mythological hero. Where in the northern hemisphere sky is the constellation. The perseus family includes several constellations associated with the perseus myth. On his way home, perseus came across the monster, cetus, getting ready to eat andromeda.
This page was last changed on 17 november 2014, at 05. It lies at a distance of about 220 million light years from earth. Aries taurus auriga camelopardalis cassiopeia andromeda. Alsufis book of the images of the fixed stars and its. In the 19th century, the constellation was known as perseus et caput medusae perseus and the head of medusa.
Jul 26, 2015 a large parts of the northern skies are connected by the legend of perseus. Dec 24, 2019 the constellations of perseus, andromeda and orion panel by jenkin, margaret m. Folios from the kitab suwar alkawakib althabita book of the constellations of the fixed stars of alsufi late 15th century iran ink and gold on paper. It can be seen as a misty patch, given good seeing and a very dark background sky, free of light pollution. The constellation perseus gotha, forschungsbibliothek m ii 141. Constellation perseus astrology perseus constellation. Constellation hercules the constellations on sea and sky.
Perseus constellation simple english wikipedia, the. Cassiopeia and perseus in northeast on autumn evenings. It is located in the northern celestial hemisphere near several other constellations named after ancient greek legends surrounding perseus. Polydectes may have had an ulterior motive as he later tried to force marriage on danae. Get an answer for how were the constellations named and who named them. My wife is an astrologer and i can tell you that this statement is wrong. In greek mythology andromeda is the daughter of cepheus and cassiopeia, king and queen of ancient ethiopia. I want to see the meteor shower tonight ans i need to know where to look. Hercules contains a famous grouping of stars known as an asterism. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. The constellations of perseus, andromeda and orion jenkin. Perseus is the 24th largest in terms of size in the night sky.
Alsufis book of the images of the fixed stars and its influence on. The boundary of the perseus constellation contains 7 stars that host known exoplanets. Andromeda was one of the original 48 constellations formulated by ptolemy in his 2ndcentury almagest, in which it was defined as a specific pattern of stars. Homer, odyssey, book 23, line 1 perseus digital library.
It was one of 48 listed by the 2ndcentury astronomer ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the international astronomical union iau. The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the ancient grecoegyptian astronomer ptolemy who lived between 90 a. It is located near several other constellations named after ancient greek legends surrounding perseus. Alsufis book of the images of the fixed stars and its influence on islamic and european celestial cartography robert h. The ecliptic also passes through the constellation ophiuchus, which doesnt have an associated zodiac sign.
How to find perseus night sky guide we the curious. The goddess athena placed the image of andromeda among the stars as a reward for keeping her parentspromise. Perseus spans 28 degrees of the zodiac in the signs of taurus and gemini, and contains 12 named fixed stars. Kaye, fellow of the royal astronomical society, honorary correspondent of the archaeological department of india calcutta 1915. The journey of perseus through the constellations youtube. Many of its stars are immersed in the faint glow of our galaxy, the milky way. I live in hamilton ontario, and i want to know where in the sky is perseus.
Perseus grandfather, acrisius, the king of argos, was warned by an oracle that he would be killed by his grandson. Perseus was a greek hero most famous for his slaying of medusa. A separate power supply enclosure protects the sensitive analog audio circuits from interference. As a small side note, it is interesting that cepheus shows up again in greek mythology when he and 17 of his sons were killed by hercules.
As the gross old saying goes, theres more than one way to skin a cat. The perseus s load capacitance can be set from 200 to 400 pf in 50pf increments to meet the needs of any movingmagnet phono cartridge. A tidy way of connecting stories with astronomy so that by learning one the other becomes a story board in the skies. Constellation perseus the champion, is a northern constellation sitting above constellation taurus and below constellation cassiopeia, and between constellation andromeda and constellation auriga u. Perseus contains between 6 and 22 stars in its primary asterism and houses 65 bayer flamsteed designated stars within its confines.
Andromeda insisted that their wedding be celebrated. Telemachus, the weapons of war thou must needs lay away within 5 one and all, and when the wooers miss them and question thee, thou must beguile them with gentle words, saying. The constellation perseus lies between cassiopeia and the pleiades. The star figures in the sky form a very precise map of the heavens and display many allegories which have been preserved as greek myths. A couple of interesting deep sky objectscan be seen in perseus. Posted by bruce mcclure and deborah byrd in constellations october 19, 2019. Perseus perseus in the greek mythology, perseus was the hero who rescued andromeda, the beautiful daughter of cepheus and cassiopeia, from whale, the sea monster. Four stars form a square shape known as the keystone. The 88 constellations of the night sky go astronomy. The figure of perseus is thought to hold the head of medusa in his hand the star beta per representing her evil eye. The constellation depicting perseus lies in a prominent part of the milky way. Positioned north of the ecliptic plane, the constellation of perseus was.
Perseus, named after the greek mythological hero perseus, is a constellation in the northern sky. January 20 february 18 and end it with capricorn, the goat, dec 22 jan 19. In greek myth, perseus was the son of danae, daughter of king acrisius of argos. Perseeus the constellation of perseus, the hero son of zeus, is best viewed in winter during the month of december.
The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. A constellation is a grouping of stars that represents one of the 88 divisions of the celestial sphere as defined by the international astronomical union. Perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40 north in declination. Perseus promptly fell in love with her, killed the monster, and married the princess. The constellations andromeda and perseus, along with pegasus, casseopiea and cepheus, are richly intertwined in mythology, but are vastly divergent in the objects they present to amateur astronomers. Its the center from which the annual perseid meteor shower, a midsummer spectacle in the northern hemisphere, radiates. The constellation of andromeda is best known for the andromeda galaxy, m31, one of the most famous objects in the sky, which can most easily be found it can be seen even with the unaided eye once. But much more than that, the book of enoch states that the angel uriel revealed them to the prophet enoch, long before the great flood. Jun 23, 20 ngc 1277 is a lenticular galaxy located in perseus constellation. Polydectes offered them protection and perseus was raised in his house. Perseus is a northern constellation which appears highest in the evening sky in the months around november. Perseus the breaker, two comets and the head of satan.
This constellation contains the notable variable star algol. Perseus was the son of the greek god zeus and the mortal princess danae. It is visible at latitudes between 90 degrees and 35 degrees. Of course, many of the constellation names are more modern telescopium, the telescope, being a rather obvious newcomer.
In fact, by the 19th century the night sky had become crowded with overlapping and often contradictory constellation boundaries and names as different schools of astronomy prepared their own versions of star maps. Many of them have remained unchanged since antiquity, while others have been added in the past. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2ndcentury astronomer ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the international astronomical union iau. Before precession was discovered, there was only what we now call the sidereal zodiac in which the signs correlate with the constellations. Copper panel, depicting the constellations of perseus, andromeda and orion, 1890s. Perseus flew on until he spotted the beautiful maiden andromeda, who was chained to the rocky shore as a sacrifice to a sea monster. Constellation perseus the constellations on sea and sky. The author recounts the legends connected with many constellations, including aquarius, aries, cancer, orion, and others.
Perseus constellation facts, mythology and how to find. A phenomena where the signs of astrology become misaligned with the constellations they were named after. A large parts of the northern skies are connected by the legend of perseus. The king tried to mislead perseus by saying that he intended to marry someone else.
The story of perseus take a look at the story of how perseus slew medusa, the mother of pegasus, and rescued andromeda, the daughter of cepheus and cassiopeia, from the sea monster cetus. Each constellation description was augmented by a mirrored pair of star maps. Constellations between the arctic circle and the summer tropic5. However, only two of these are prominent from lightpolluted locations. Perseus is a midsized constellation with a total area of 615 square degrees. Perseus is a northern constellation which appears highest in the evening sky in the. Constellations activity book color and learn jacobson, ryan, nitzsche, shane on.
Feb 19, 2020 perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40 north in declination. It is represented by perseus holding a sword above his head in his right hand and the decapitated head of the gorgon medusa in his left. After the marriage, andromeda left her country to live with perseus who later became the king of tiryns and mycenae. This beautifully illustrated book helps readers navigate their way around the night sky as they learn the significance of heavenly bodies. The galactic equator is crossing our field of view, whereas in these fields pointing so far away from the galactic center, the star fields are not very dense. Her mother cassiopeia foolishly boasts that she is more beautiful than the nereids, a display of hubris by a human that is unacceptable to the gods. Wikimedia commons has media related to perseus constellation.
Constellation names, like the names of stars, come from a variety of sources and each has a different meaning. This makes it the 24th largest constellation in the night sky. Perseus is near several constellations whose names derive from the adventures of the greek hero, known as the perseus group. Perseus was so relieved that he promised the king a rather extravagant wedding gift, the head of medusa. Perseus is a constellation in the northern hemisphere.
Indian equivalent names of various western constellations. Perseus is a constellation located in the northern hemisphere that is visible during december. Perseus then freed the beautiful andromeda and, claiming her as his bride, took her home with him as his queen to. Several of the neighboring constellations perseus, cassiopeia, cetus, and cepheus also represent characters in the perseus myth. The sketch of the constellation in his book places algol next to medusas eye. Myth about andromeda and perseus windows to the universe. Perseus is one of the oldest constellations, having been cataloged by the greek astronomer ptolemy in the second century, and it has more than one attraction for stargazers. Out of the smoke have i laid them, since they are no. If anyone looked at medusas face they would turn to stone. Ross exton of the live science team shows you how to find the constellation, along with algol the demon star. In greek mythology, perseus was the son of zeus and danae, daughter of acrisius, the king of argos.
The way we figure it, danae is the main character of this story, since shes the one doing all the birthing, so well look at from her perspective. To punish the queen for her arrogance, poseidon floods the ethiopian coast and sends a sea monster named cetus to. This is the list of notable stars in the constellation perseus, sorted by decreasing brightness. The story of the birth of perseus doesnt fit perfectly into the heros journey structure, but were giving it a shot.
How to find perseus night sky guide we the curious youtube. It is home to the perseid meteor shower which peaks around august 9 and can produce up to 60100 meteors per hour. Washington on crystal clear winter nights in the berkshire countryside, we are graced with a view of the milky way the mysterious, glowing band of stars and stardust that arcs overhead. Luckily, perseus came on the scene just in the nick of time and killed the sea monster and saved the princess. The constellation home page sponsored by the american association of amateur astronomers. While perseus lies along the milky way, and offers many sparkling open clusters and diffuse nebulae, andromeda lies away from. Perseus, the hero, arcs high overhead in fall and early winter. Per, the hero and rescuer of andromeda from the jaws of cetus, is a large northern constellation, bordering on aries to the north and taurus to the south. Dec 16, 2008 positioned north of the ecliptic plane, the constellation of perseus was one of the original 48 constellations listed by ptolemy, and endures as one of the 88 modern constellations. In 2006, perseus became the location of the largest supernova on record when a star 100200 times more massive than the sun exploded.
Bullinger in his fascinating book the witness of the stars, tells us about the meaning of the constellations of the zodiac, and the stars that comprise them. The constellation was named after the mythical hero perseus. Other constellations in the perseus group include andromeda, cassiopeia and pegasus. When you find perseus, look for the constellations cassiopeia, cepheus and andromeda. Ngc 1277 is a lenticular galaxy located in perseus constellation. Historically however, the term was also used to refer to a perceived pattern formed by bright stars with apparent proximity to one another, and this practice is still common today. Constellations guide in modern astronomy, a constellation is a clearly defined area of the sky. Back to constellations home page chris dolans home page. Become a member of the american association of amateur astronomers. The cultural and historical story behind the constellations is a subject all its own, and there are numerous books on the subject for the curious. In fact, if you look at perseus under dark skies, you may be able to see three of the spiral arms that enfold the milky way. All 48 constellation figures from enoch depict the gospel of jesus christ. The keystone represents the heros torso in the constellation. Perseus has been recognized as a constellation for at least 2,000 years.
Cassiopeia, cepheus, andromeda, perseus, pegasus, and cetus representing the monster. The myth of perseus tells how he was sent on a quest to bring back a gorgons head to king polydectes. Some star atlases during the early 19th century also depicted perseus holding the disembodied head of. How to identify the perseus constellation thoughtco. Old constellations names usually come from greek mythology, while the star constellations that were created more recently mostly have. The summer 2010 issue of the earth scientist, available in our online store, includes articles on rivers and snow, classroom planetariums, satellites and oceanography, handson astronomy, and global warming. It was first charted by the greek astronomer ptolemy in the 2nd century. It is notable for having an extremely heavy supermassive black hole at its centre, one of the largest black holes ever found. Many constellations are derived from old traditional asterisms, which are star patterns within a constellation. Where in the northern hemisphere sky is the constellation perseus. How were the constellations named and who named them.1026 1061 1084 897 416 1158 1411 1155 1032 275 931 283 160 467 1142 1320 95 1496 565 1307 410 186 491 453 1326 1181 373 1289 1406